Hindu Yuga or timelines by Sri Yukteshwara

The Holy Science by Sri Yukteshwar  free link.



The best reading will be if you read Autobiography of a Yogi by Parmahansa yogananda avilable free on the internet before reading Holy Science to get the precise background.


Manu Samhita clearly described the length of the Yuga because Manu was born in Satya Yuga and was the founder of the Hindu Yuga.Unlike Manu,these so-called  scholars are in the view that The Kali Yuga traditionally last 432000 years.As a result, [they] falsely maintained that the length of Kali Yuga is 432,000 years, of which 4994 would have elapsed as of 1894, leaving 427,006 years remaining.Lets give a look at their source.


Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.1.21

kalim āgatam ājñāya

kṣetre ‘smin vaiṣṇave vayam

āsīnā dīrghasatreṇa

kathāyāḿ sakṣaṇā hareḥ


kalim — the age of Kali (iron age of quarrel); āgatam — having arrived; ājñāya — knowing this; kṣetrein this tract of land; asminin this; vaiṣṇave — specially meant for the devotee of the Lord; vayam — we; āsīnāḥ — seated; dīrgha — prolonged; satreṇa — for performance of sacrifices; kathāyāmin the words of; sakṣaṇāḥ — with time at our disposal; hareḥ — of the Personality of Godhead.


Knowing well that the age of Kali has already begun, we are assembled here in this holy place to hear at great length the transcendental message of Godhead and in this way perform sacrifice.


This age of Kali is not at all suitable for self-realization as was Satyayuga, the golden age, or Tretā– or Dvāpara-yugas, the silver and copper ages. For self-realization, the people in Satyayuga, living a lifetime of a hundred thousand years, were able to perform prolonged meditation. And in Tretāyuga, when the duration of life was ten thousand years, self-realization was attained by performance of great sacrifice. And in the Dvāparayuga, when the duration of life was one thousand years, self-realization was attained by worship of the Lord. But in the Kaliyuga, the maximum duration of life being one hundred years only and that combined with various difficulties, the recommended process of self-realization is that of hearing and chanting of the holy name, fame, and pastimes of the Lord. The sages of Naimiṣāraṇya began this process in a place meant specifically for the devotees of the Lord. They prepared themselves to hear the pastimes of the Lord over a period of one thousand years. By the example of these sages one should learn that regular hearing and recitation of the Bhāgavatam is the only way for self-realization. Other attempts are simply a waste of time, for they do not give any tangible results. Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu preached this system of Bhāgavatadharma, and He recommended that all those who were born in India should take the responsibility of broadcasting the messages of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, primarily the message of Bhagavad-gītā. And when one is well established in the teachings of Bhagavad-gītā, he can take up the study of ŚrīmadBhāgavatam for further enlightenment in self-realization.

Correction in the explanation:We are in Dwapara or the Bronze age.Chanting just the name of Avtar was indeed correct for Kali Yuga(Iron Age) but not for present age.

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 1.4.14

suta uvaca

dvapare samanuprapte

tritiye yugaparyaye

jatah parasarad yogi

vasavyam kalaya hareh


sutahSuta Gosvami; uvaca — said; dvaparein the second millennium; samanuprapte — on the advent of; tritiye — third; yuga — millennium; paryayein the place of; jatah — was begotten; parasarat — by Parasara; yogi — the great sage; vasavyamin the womb of the daughter of Vasu; kalayain the plenary portion; hareh — of the Personality of Godhead.


Suta Gosvami said: When the second millennium overlapped the third, the great sage [Vyasadeva] was born to Parasara in the womb of Satyavati, the daughter of Vasu.


There is a chronological order of the four millenniums, namely Satya, Dvapara, Treta and Kali. But sometimes there is overlapping. During the regime of Vaivasvata Manu, there was an overlapping of the twenty-eighth round of the four millenniums, and the third millennium appeared prior to the second. In that particular millennium, Lord Sri Krishna also descends, and because of this there was some particular alteration. The mother of the great sage was Satyavati the daughter of the Vasu (fisherman), and the father was the great Parasara Muni. That is the history of Vyasadeva’s birth. Every millennium is divided into three periods, and each period is called a sandhya. Vyasadeva appeared in the third sandhya of that particular age.

tritiye yugaparyaye – after the tritiya (tretha) yuga, Using the correct translation of paryaye, in this context, we get during the tritiya (treta) yuga. dvapare samanuprapte – as dvapara approached.

Apparent Contradiction : In the above couplet there appears to be a contradiction. How can dvapara, come after the the treta yuga is over? We know that the sequence of yugas is Kruta(satya), Tretha, Dvapara and Kali. While this Source explains this by speaking of an “overlapping” of yugas.This clearly means the explanation given is false unless there is an ascending and descending Yuga cycle.

  • Dharma walks on  four feet in Kruta/Satya, on three in Tretha, on two in Dwapara and on one in Kali. So the Yuga that was over was the one in which Dharma walked on 3 feet. The yuga that was approaching was the one in which Dharma walks on 2 feet.
  • Therefore, Vyasa was born in the Tretha Yuga as the Dvapara Yuga approached and lived to see the early part of Kaliyuga. So he was a dirghayu a long lived one.We know that there were many Vyasa in those times and disciples never took credit of their work.Men live max 300-500 years in treta and satyuga.

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.21

tatah saptadase jatah

satyavatyam parasarat

cakre vedataroh sakha

drishtva pumso ‘lpa-medhasah


tatah — thereafter; saptadasein the seventeenth incarnation; jatah — advented; satyavatyamin the womb of Satyavati; parasarat — by Parasara Muni; cakre — prepared; vedataroh — of the desire tree of the Vedas; sakhah — branches; drishtva — be seeing; pumsah — the people in general; alpamedhasah — less intelligent.


Thereafter, in the seventeenth incarnation of Godhead, Sri Vyasadeva appeared in the womb of Satyavati through Parasara Muni, and he divided the one Veda into several branches and subbranches, seeing that the people in general were less intelligent.


Originally the Veda is one. But Srila Vyasadeva divided the original Veda into four, namely Sama, Yajur, Rig, Atharva, and then again they were explained in different branches like the Puranas and the Mahabharata. Vedic language and the subject matter are very difficult for ordinary men. They are understood by the highly intelligent and self-realized brahmanas(spiritual saints). But the present age of Kali is full of ignorant men. Even those who are born by a brahmana father are, in the present age, no better than the sudras or the women. The twice-born men, namely the brahmanas, kshatriyas and vaisyas, are expected to undergo a cultural purificatory process known as samskaras, but because of the bad influence of the present age the so-called members of the brahmana and other high-order families are no longer highly cultured. They are called the dvija-bandhus, or the friends and family members of the twice-born. But these dvija-bandhus are classified amongst the sudras and the women. Srila Vyasadeva divided the Vedas into various branches and subbranches for the sake of the less intelligent classes like the dvija-bandhus, sudras and women.

Correction in the explanation:Hinduism has varna system.Lord Krishna  saying, in response to the question— “How is Varna (social order) determined?”“Birth is not the cause, my friend; it is virtues which are the cause of auspiciousness. Even a chandala(meat eaters) (lower varna) observing the vow is considered a Brahman by the gods.”Most of the people in Kali Yuga loose spirituality and they think only of their body hence mention of the term Shudra(ignorant).A person who is desire less,has no desires and no ego is a Brahmin.

Resolution :

  • Dharma walks on  four feet in Kruta/Satya, on three in Tretha, on two in Dwapara and on one in Kali. So the Yuga that was over was the one in which Dharma walked on 3 feet. The yuga that was approaching was the one in which Dharma walks on 2 feet.
  • Therefore, Vyasa was born in the Tretha Yuga as the Dvapara Yuga approached and lived to see the early part of Kaliyuga. So he was a chiranjeeva, a long lived one.None of the avtars have lived in mortal body for more than 300-500 years.Maha-avatar babaji is an exception and he creates his body by force of his will power but in reality He is light.

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.22

naradevatvam apannah



cakre viryany atah param


nara — human being; devatvam — divinity; apannah — having assumed the form of; sura — the demigods; karya — activities; cikirshaya — for the purpose of performing; samudra — the Indian Ocean; nigrahaadini — controlling, etc.; cakre — did perform; viryani — superhuman prowess; atah param — thereafter.


In the eighteenth incarnation, the Lord appeared as King Rama. In order to perform some pleasing work for the demigods, He exhibited superhuman powers by controlling the Indian Ocean and then killing the atheist King Ravana, who was on the other side of the sea.


The Personality of Godhead Sri Rama assumed the form of a human being and appeared on the earth for the purpose of doing some pleasing work for the demigods or the administrative personalities to maintain the order of the universe. Sometimes great demons and atheists like Ravana and Hiranyakasipu and many others become very famous due to advancing material civilization by the help of material science and other activities with a spirit of challenging the established order of the Lord. For example, the attempt to fly to other planets by material means is a challenge to the established order. The conditions of each and every planet are different, and different classes of human beings are accommodated there for particular purposes mentioned in the codes of the Lord. But, puffed up by tiny success in material advancement, sometimes the godless materialists challenge the existence of God. Ravana was one of them, and he wanted to deport ordinary men to the planet of Indra (heaven) by material means without consideration of the necessary qualifications. He wanted a staircase to be built up directly reaching the heavenly planet so that people might not be required to undergo the routine of pious work necessary to enter that planet. He also wanted to perform other acts against the established rule of the Lord. He even challenged the authority of Sri Rama, the Personality of Godhead, and kidnapped His wife, Sita. Of course Lord Rama came to chastise this atheist, answering the prayer and desire of the demigods. He therefore took up the challenge of Ravana, and the complete activity is the subject matter of the Ramayana. Because Lord Ramacandra was the Personality of Godhead, He exhibited superhuman activities which no human being, including the materially advanced Ravana, could perform. Lord Ramacandra prepared a royal road on the Indian Ocean with stones that floated on the water. The modern scientists have done research in the area of weightlessness, but it is not possible to bring in weightlessness anywhere and everywhere. But because weightlessness is the creation of the Lord by which He can make the gigantic planets fly and float in the air, He made the stones even within this earth to be weightless and prepared a stone bridge on the sea without any supporting pillar. That is the display of the power of God.

Correction in the explanation:Ravan was a part of the Leela or drama to show to the word the difference between good and bad.He was no ordinary man to fight with an Avtar.He was a Brahmin(Spiritual) and converted himself to Kshatriya(King).

Contradiction : How can Ved Vyasa be prior to Rama and be born in treta ?

Using the correct translation of 1.4.14,  Ved Vyasa was born in the Tretha Yuga prior to Rama.Veda Vyasa was the 17th incarnation, while Sri Rama  the 18th as given in the 1st canto of the Bhagavatham, While it is generally worked out that Rama was of the Tretha Yuga.Ved Vyasa and Ganesha were the combined writers of Mahabharat.

Mahabharat clearly gives reference of Ramayana.How can Mahabharat be older than Ramayana unless there is a big folly in the interpretations of these so-called scholars.

According to Valmiki, Ramayana starts in the beginning of Tretayuga

Valmiki Ramayana – Bala Kanda in Prose Sarga 11 also states”This way he that ancient and godly Sage Sanatkumaara, who is also Brahma’s(divine consciousness) brain-child like Narada, said this legend in earlier Divine Era, called krita yuga(Satya Yuga) or the Golden age” thus Sumantra continued his narration to Dasharatha.The above passage clearly shows that the 4 yuga comes regulary in cycle and is continuous till humans being get liberated.

Questions to be answered

What is Yuga?How many Yugas are there?Duration?purpose of the Yuga?Scientific verification?Greek Yuga?Calculations?How many years back did Rama/Krishna exist?Why is there an error?Is there any other scripture that gives the correct Yuga?How was the old yuga concept calculated?Introduction to Sri Yukteshwar?Sri Yukteshwar scientific achievement?

Sri Yukteswar, after many researches discovered a mistake in the Hindu almanac based on Manu Samhita. The shloka is mentioned in the link of his original book provided in the starting of the article.He said that there is an equinotial cycle of 24.000 years through which universe’s evolution unfolds. each sub-cycle is called “Yuga“. Evolution unfolds from era to era like a circle.

Kali Yuga(Iron Age) is the period of ignorance, lasting 1.200 years ( more or less from 500 a.c. to 1.700 a.c. ).

Dwapara Yuga(Bronze Age) is the electrical age, lasting 2.400 years ( more or less from 1.700 to 4.100 a.c. ).

Treta Yuga(Silver Age) in the mental age, lasting 3.600 years ( more or less from 4.100 to 7.700 a.c. ).

Satya Yuga(Golden Age) will be the most evoluted age, lasting 4.800 years ( from 7.700 a.c. to 12.500 a.c. ).

At this point, the involution starts, and takes place in a reverse order.

Satya yuga from 12.500 a.c. to 17.300,

Treta Yuga from 17.300 a.c. to 20.900 a.c.,

Dwapara Yuga from 20.900 a.c. to 23.300 a.c.

kali Yuga from 23.300 a.c. to 25.500 a.c. .

This process is practically endless. The more evolute the era, the easier is for people to get liberation from the cycle of death and rebirth.

He stated, “The mistake crept into the almanacs for the first time during the reign of Raja Parikshit, just after the completion of the last descending Dwapara Yuga. At that time Maharaja Yudhisthira, noticing the appearance of the dark Kali Yuga, made over his throne to his grandson, the said Raja Parikshit. Maharaja Yudhisthira, together with all the wise men of his court, retired to the Himalaya Mountains.” He finished by stating, “there was no one who could understand the principle of correctly calculating the ages of the several Yugas.”Consequently, when the Dwapara was over and the Kali era began no one knew enough to restart the calendar count. They knew they were in a Kali Yuga, which is why the old Hindu calendar now begins with K.Y. However, the beginning of this calendar, which in 2006 stands at 5108, can still be traced to 3102 BC or BCE, (3102+2006=5108), which was the start of the last descending Dwapara Yuga.

Sri Yukteswar wrote The Holy Science in 1894. In the introduction, he wrote:

“The purpose of this book is to show as clearly as possible that there is an essential unity in all religions; that there is no difference in the truths inculcated by the various faiths; that there is but one method by which the world, both external and internal, has evolved; and that there is but one Goal admitted by all scriptures.”

The work introduced many ideas that were revolutionary for the time — for instance Sri Yukteswar broke from Hindu tradition in stating that the earth is not in the age of Kali Yuga, but has advanced to Dwapara Yuga. His proof was based on a new perspective of the precession of the equinoxes. Sri Yukteshwar also introduced the idea that the sun takes a ‘star for its dual’, and revolves around it in a period of 24,000 years, which accounts for the precession of the equinox.Research into this theory is being conducted by the Binary Research Institute,which produced a documentary on the topic titled The Great Year, narrated by James Earl Jones. A sign of the ubiquity of Sri Yukteswar’s calculations in modern culture is that there is an iPhone Application for calculating them, just as there are calculators for currencies, lengths, areas and volumes.

The theory of the Sun’s binary companion expounded by Sri Yukteswar in The Holy Science has attracted the attention of David Frawley, who has written about it in several of his books. According to Frawley, the theory offers a better estimate of the age of Rama and Krishna and other important historical Indian figures than other dating methods, which estimate some of these figures to have lived millions of years ago — belying accepted human history.

When science exists in a religion it will never stop.Yogis will come and challenge the modern science with their sound logic and reasoning.It’s funny when people search for existing science in their religion when they can bring new scientific ideas.

Written by Dr. David Frawley
Sri Yukteswar, the guru of Paramahansa Yogananda, in his book the Holy Science (Kaivalya Darshana) has provided an excellent model for understanding human history through the four Yugas of Hindu thought, which he has explained in a new way that brings much clarity into the system.The purpose of the present article is to suggest an additional enhancement to Yukteswar’s Yuga theory, adding a set of ‘subyugas’ or minor yugas to add more detail to it.These additional subperiods can explain historical changes over centuries that the Yuga model of thousands of years can miss. They also tell us why, though we are no longer in the Kali Yuga, that we are still in a difficult time that is likely to continue for some decades.

First of all, let us take a quick overview of Sri Yuktewar’s Yuga theory. Yukteswar proposes a four yuga cycle of 12,000 years with transitional periods called ‘sandhis’ coming in between. Each sandhi is 10% the length of the main period and occurs at both its beginning and end.Kali Yuga of 1000 years has two sandhis of 100 years for a total of 1200 years. Dwapara Yuga of 2000 years has two sandhis of 200 years for a total of 2400 years. Treta Yuga of 3000 years has two sandhis of 300 years for a total of 3600 years. Satya Yuga of 4000 years has two sandhis of 400 years for a total of 4800 years. This makes for a total of 12,000 years for the cycle of the four yugas.Yukteswar has the yuga cycles coming in pairs. One set of ‘descending Yugas’ from Satya to Treta, Dwapara and Kali is followed by another set of ‘ascending Yugas’ from Kali to Dwapara, Treta and Satya.  According to him the midpoint of the descending and ascending yuga cycles occurred around 500 AD.In addition to this scheme of Yugas and Sandhis, I am proposing dividing up each Yuga itself into four sections or subyugas of Satya, Treta, Dwapara and Kali in the same relative proportions.We can divide up the 1000 year yuga of Kali into four yugas, 400 years of Satya Kali, 300 years of Treta Kali, 200 years of Dwapara Kali and 100 years of Kali Kali. We would divide up Dwapara Yuga of 2000 years into 800 years of Satya Dwapara, 600 years of Treta Dwapara, 400 years of Dwapara Dwapara and 200 years of Kali Dwapara. In this manner, we can bring more specificity into the kind of historical changes that we can expect during the long period of each Yuga.Relative to ‘descending yugas’, I would begin them with the Satya period as they begin with a period in which there is the greatest light. Relative to the ‘ascending yugas’, I would end them with the Satya period in which there is the greatest light.

16 Responses to “Hindu Yuga or timelines by Sri Yukteshwara”

  1. Please see these – it may help your Research that you are doing ->



  2. sir,
    I have been research the valmiki Ramayana setu and lanaka . In my researching the sethu was to built 17,89.ooo years ago contraction the sethu . The sethu was to contraction at Bharth varsha dhakshana agrha bhadha that means now kanyakumari ta that area Nahendra giris their. After that the setu was to move from that place to now seen Dhanush koti.The scientific methods are sea level increase, ice plates, magnetic power, the gravity, sun temperature, the continental drifting. etc these are soureses of to move sethu and lanka . The lanka to move and melted in simhala.these are moving process of the trete yuga 4th padam to dwapara yuga 1st padam .

  3. Guruji padabhi vandanam
    I have been writer of Sri Rama Ramayana in Telugu language since 15 years . The Sri Rama Ramayana was to completed only 7 sruthis each sruthi was Rama words maintain the sruthis. The Sri Rama Ramayana is to under standing village peoples to City peoples Leaning and Samrana to easy to listen the peoples. in that sri Rama Ramayana i hope guruji 50,00,000 laks in that Sri Rama Ramayana.
    And Guruji In Valmiki Ramayana in the two main points to taken for research purpose these are sethu and lanka these are now seen not original place thus two points to move and pushing the scientific methods Example wave sun temperature, ice plates,Gravity, Magnetic , Wind etc
    these are basic of research points.
    Plese guruji give me ashirvad.

    • Thank you dear for your message.God will always guide you in your work.If you wish to publish some of the excerpts of your work or about the author’s(your) introduction,I will publish it on my blog.More people should know about it.You are correct about the locations,no one in the past bothered much about the geography as mentioned by Swami Vivekananda.

  4. am i to understand that you took some quotations from some of the hare rama books ,and corrected them .I am curious are those corrections you made correct,and how can you substainate these,i was under the impressions
    these books where correct ,at least that i was told.
    I have been make a study of these books and vikananda teachings please
    return to me as soon as possible.thank you for help in these matters

  5. Samadhi is the property of every human being — nay, every animal. From the lowest animal to the highest angel, some time or other, each one will have to come to that state, and then, and then alone, will real religion begin for him. Until then we only struggle towards that stage. There is no difference now between us and those who have no religion, because we have no experience. What is concentration good for, save to bring us to this experience? Each one of the steps to attain Samadhi has been reasoned out, properly adjusted, scientifically organised, and, when faithfully practiced, will surely lead us to the desired end. Then will all sorrows cease, all miseries vanish; the seeds for actions will be burnt, and the soul will be free for ever.[From the Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda]



  7. Vedas and vedic knowledge always consider human being as the manifestation and manipulation of the divinity. So the vedic scholars say * Prajnaanam brahma: inherent intrinsic awareness and consciousness are the divinity in all living beings. That awareness is in me/us hence Vedas say * aham brahmaasmi. It is present in you too hence * thathwam asi. It is present as the soul in all living being; hence * ayam aathmaa brahma. Divinity is present in an atom * anoraneeyaan and in the universe * mahato maheeyaan and in all living beings * aathma guhaayaam nihithoasya janthoo: Human beings are considered as the children of immortality: * srunvanthu viswe amruthasya putraa. Vedic messages declare that there are three pathways for anyone to opt 1st one is (the pathway of) * brahmajnaana prayaanam, 2nd *dharma jnaana prayaanam and the 3rd karmajnaana prayaanam. Of which a manager has to opt for second and the third, i.e. doing the karma without a hidden agenda but with dharmic values. Vedas observe divinity in all natural resources like, soil, air, water, oushadhee, animals, plants, forest, earth, Sun, and so on. Hence over utilization and exploitation of anything are objected with strong words. Vedas consider their existence is for the mutual benefit and welfare. Hence vedic messages are for the past, present and future generations.

  8. …sudden bursts of gathering behaviors signal that a pair is ready to nest. The pair will pull strings or plant leaves that they can reach, and if there are no available materials to gather, they will use feathers and bits of seed husks.\” In captivity, of course these materials will vary. In your case, if your birds are nesting they are most likely a pair getting ready.

  9. CS Ramaswamy Says:

    interesting reading

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